This will take me a while as I have a full time job and had to buy a home near work (yep, they caught me for the next 30 years!!)
My plan is to use Haijar's compass tool, which I believe it's main purpose is to function as a caliper to help with keeping the block rows at the proper distance and position from dome center, and modify his idea to utilize it to build a 1 square meter x 150mm thick mold. Theoretically, the dome can be constructed with identical blocks if designed right. After I get my mold built, I will pour a few block samples and line each side with a different material ( polyclothe, fiberglass cloth and basalt mesh) . Then my plan was to cut them up into smaller blocks to submit for testing and inspection. I will take weights of random 1 L samples of foam and aircrete, as well as logging accurate liquid and cement volumes to try and get some accurate recipe history/log. I also want to mortar a couple of blocks together and finish them with the final stucco/polyclothe layer, and cut samples out where the joint is, to do proper inspection and testing of the block joints.
My thoughts are that the blocks can be made and stacked on pallets, then delivered and mortared together on site. The windows, doors, halls, and ventilation can be cut out and finished after or during assembly.
My main idea is to get the mold shaped right. Each dome diameter would need it's own specific shaped mold. I'm still deciding if I want to have a "tongue and groove" type design, or if having them angled just right will suffice for strength.